a. Projects funded by providers such as the Czech Science Foundation (GACR), Technology Agency of the Czech Republic (TACR) or the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports (MSMT) that have their own budget section in the state budget. Other providers include, for example, the Ministry of Industry and Trade, Ministry of Culture, or regional authorities. These are projects where the proposer (typically the Czech Science Foundation) sets the objective and methods, or more frequently, projects where the provider defines the objectives.
a. These are projects funded from foreign sources, most often from the European Union budget (e.g. operational programmes, Erasmus+, European Research Area projects). For operational programmes, the competition conditions are defined by the authority that administers the programme after approval by the European Commission. For other programmes, such as the Erasmus+ or ERA projects, Czech applicants are subject to more demanding conditions of international competitions, making these foreign projects even more worthwhile.
a. These are research activities commissioned by business entities. Businesses define a specific issue and ask the university to solve it for a reward. Logically, ŠAVŠ most often engages with projects in cooperation with its founder, ŠKODA AUTO, a.s., but also cooperates with other organisations such as Siemens or AutoSAP.
a. Projects funded by the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports, which allocates funds to research organisations to support specific research at universities based on meeting certain quantifiable criteria (numbers of students and graduates in doctoral programmes, numbers of graduates in Master’s programmes, number of RIV points in the Information system for research, development and innovation). The research team always includes students of the Master’s or doctoral programme (if offered by the university). In this case, the conditions are defined by the beneficiary, i.e. the university.